The origins of the name Sangiovese, possible explanations

Many people think that the name Sangiovese comes from "sangue di Giove" or "blood of Jove" but this is probably not the case. We have translated the below passage from "Vitigni d'Italia", "Grape Varieties of Italy", by A. Calò, A. Scienza, and A. Costacurta.


The history of this grape variety is very difficult to
reconstruct because there are no reliable mentions of it before the sixteenth
century. The first one to speak of it is Soderini (1590) in the tractate,
"The Cultivation of Vines", where he takes note of Sangiogeto, a
grape varietal remarkable for its regular productivity. Trinci (1738) praises
it in "Agricultural Experiments" and Gallesio speaks of it widely in
"Pomona Italiana" (1830), devoting an entire chapter to it. The
origin of the name is uncertain but one plausible hypothesis was given by
Hohnerlein-Buchinger (1996). The grape variety buds early: "Sarzana"
or "Sangiovannina" was used to denote "uva primaticcia" or
"early-ripening grape" in the dialect of northwest Tuscany. The
meaning of the name could also be related to "jugum" or yoke, from
Romagna, a reference to either a mountaintop or the hilly landscape of the
Appennines of Tuscany and Romagna. The French terms "jouellè" (row of
vines) and "jouelle" (stake that connects two vines) are also derived
from the Latin "jugalis", could also be the underlying origin,
similar to the grape name "Schiava" (slave) which is derived from its
training method.

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