Integrated farming

Integrated farming

At Il Poggione, we are supporters of integrated farming and
we have been practicing integrated farming for a number of years now, always
trying to be as eco-sustainable as possible.

Integrated farming is an agricultural system conceived so as
to have the least impact on the environment. It calls for the integration and
coordination of production methods with natural resources in an attempt to
minimize the use of conventional methods, which will only be used when absolutely
necessary.

There are different factors involved in integrated farming.
First of all, fertilization is allowed and where it is possible, we use organic
fertilizers (for example, we use the by-products of extra-virgin olive oil
production and the clippings created by pruning in the vineyard).

At any rate, fertilization is employed only in periods in
which there is no risk of run-off caused by rain. We do this in order to avoid
any contamination of the water table. All of our farming practices are intended
to maintain intact the structure of the land and to prevent erosion.

The planting of grass is an excellent technique in this
respect. It provides humidity to the vines (since we are not allowed to
irrigate in the Brunello di Montalcino appellation), it provides organic
substance to the land, and it does not impede the machines we use to tend the
vines.

When it comes to protecting our vines and olive trees from
insects, we use every type of protection available to us but in rationed
quantities: biological, chemical, agronomical, and biotechnical. In order to
maximize protection in the integrated battle, it is highly important to monitor
the insect population and we do so, first and foremost, using pheromonal traps.

When the insect population surpasses a certain quantity (the
so-called intervention threshold), we use phyto-pharmaceutical pesticides that
have been approved by our region. The list of permissible products for
treatment also tells us how much can be used. These limits serve to diminish
the amounts of chemical substances present in the environment and to lower the
health risks for humans and to minimize the risk of reducing the population of
“useful” organisms, in other words, the ones that naturally feed on
herbivores.

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